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CO2 emissions from fuel combustion decreased by 3.2% in 2019
Date: 2020-09-03
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Due to a 0.6% decrease of energy consumption (including electricity consumption) in 2019 compared to 2018 and a 4.5% decrease of the electricity emission coefficient, the CO2 emissions from fuel combustion was 258.72 million metric tons in 2019, a 3.2% decreased from the 267.13 million metric tons in 2018. Emissions of all sectors showed a downward trend, except for the transportation sector, which increased by 0.6% from 2018.

1. Compared to the 2018 level, emissions dropped by 3.2% in 2019 (decreased by 8.41 million metric tons). Energy consumption decreased by 0.6%, including a 0.4% drop in electricity consumption, and electricity emission factor decreased by 4.5% (from 0.533 kg CO2e/kWh in 2018 to 0.509 kg CO2e/kWh in 2019). Consequently, emissions of all sectors showed a downward trend, except for the transportation sector, which increased by 0.6% (see figure1).
(1) Emissions from industrial sector decreased by 4.4% (decreased by 5.85 million metric tons): Most indexes of industrial production decreased, leading to a 2.1% decrease of the overall energy consumption, where non-electricity energy consumption decreased by 3.4%, electricity consumption decreased by 1.0%. Electricity emission factor also decreased simultaneously.
(2) Emissions from services sector decreased by 4.6% (decreased by 1.29 million metric tons), mainly due to the 0.8% drop in electricity consumption, and 4.5% of electricity emission factor.
(3) Emissions from residential and agricultural sectors decreased by 3.3% (decreased by 0.97 million metric tons) and 0.8% (0.02 million metric tons) respectively. Although electricity consumption of residential and agricultural sectors increased by 0.7% and 2.9%, respectively, electricity emission factor decreased by 4.5%, contributing to the decrease of emissions.
(4) Emissions from energy sector decreased by 1.3% (decreased by 0.49 million metric tons). The overall electricity consumption decreased by 0.4%, and as a result, electricity related to power generation (station service, electricity to pump up, losses) decreased by 0.6%. With electricity emission factor decreasing by 4.5%, the overall emissions of the energy sector decreased.
(5) Emissions from transportation sector increased by 0.6% (increased by 0.21 million metric tons), mainly due to the 0.86% increase in consumption of motor gasoline and diesel oil, which led to increase of road emissions.

2. Industrial sector was still largest emitter (see figure2), accounting for 48.9% of CO2 emissions in 2019, followed by energy sector (14.5%), transportation sector (14.0%), residential sector (11.0%), service sector (10.4%), and agricultural sector (1.2%).

The decrease of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in 2018 showed that Taiwan's GHG emission is moving towards the first-phase regulatory target (2% lower than the 2005 GHG emissions level by 2020). Through continued reduction of GHG emissions by sectors and promotion of energy transition policies, Taiwan strives to achieve the GHG emission reduction target. The aforementioned data is disclosed in the " Statistics and Analysis of CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion in Taiwan ", and the link is provided below.
https://www.moeaboe.gov.tw/ECW/english/content/SubMenu.aspx?menu_id=1106.


Spokesperson for Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs: Deputy Director-General, Chun-Li Lee
Phone Number: 02-2775-7700
Mobile: 0936-250-838
Email: chunlee@moea.gov.tw

Business Contact: Director, Ming-Chih Chuang
Phone number: 02-2775-7710
Mobile: 0936-889-606
Email: mcchuang@moea.gov.tw

Media Contact: Section Chief, Yu-Hsuah Hsia
Phone Number: 02-2775-7705
Mobile: 0910-668-295
E-mail: yhhsia@moea.gov.tw
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